The new EU fisheries fund must stay on course to help small-scale fishers!
Brussels, 16th of January 2018
Brian O’Riordan and Marcin Ruciński
LIFE calls on MEPs to reject amendments 10, 19, and 39, which aim to expand the definition of small-scale fisheries and create an uneven playing field across Europe.
Imperfect as it is given the great diversity of small-scale fleets, the simple definition – under 12 metres and not using towed fishing gears – offers some basic clarity, a level-playing field and comparability of fisheries across the EU.
In one month’s time, MEPs in the European Parliament’s Fisheries (PECH) Committee are scheduled to vote on amendments to the EC proposal on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) for the years 2021-2027.
For LIFE it is of critical importance that the much-needed financial support directed to small-scale fishing communities in the proposal will actually get to where it is intended. We see some worrying signs that, yet again, vested interests are at work to divert crucial support away from the small-scale fisheries sector.
LIFE lauds the Commission for taking the right step by proposing to simplify and re-orient the funding priorities away from big fleet investments and top-down management to opening the financing to the freedom of design for Member State-level Operational Programs. Fundamentally, the difficult situation of small-scale fisheries across Europe has been responded to by the requirement to have an Action Plan for small-scale fishing – and the actions within it can benefit from a co-financing rate of up to 100%.
LIFE welcomes this move, which responds to the results of our in-depth analysis in the Baltic and North Sea regions and to the deliberations of the “Beyond 2020” EMFF Stakeholder Conference on “Supporting Europe’s Coastal Communities”, held in Tallinn, Estonia, 12-13 October 2017. In his opening address to the conference, Commissioner Vella highlighted how nearly half of all small-scale coastal fleets are still making losses – hence the need for affirmative action projects to favour the small-scale sector.
LIFE calls on Member States to ensure that genuine small-scale fishers’ representatives are involved with the shaping of these Action Plans, to ensure that much needed support is channelled to actions that will make a real difference in the struggle to sustain this vital sector.
The response from large-scale interests to expand the definition of small-scale fisheries is not unexpected. They have benefited hugely from the previous rounds of EMFF. It is high time that Europe levelled the playing field and devoted support and attention to the majority of the fleet (over 70%), to the small-scale sector that fishes in a low impact manner and with significant potential to add value at local level.
LIFE therefore calls on MEPs to reject the amendments 10, 19 and 39 proposed in Rapporteur Gabriel Mato’s draft report, which aim to expand the current, simple and universally applicable EU definition of small-scale fisheries: boats less than 12 meters length not using towed fishing gears. Imperfect as it is given the great diversity of small-scale fleets, this simple definition offers some basic clarity, a level-playing field and comparability of fisheries across the EU.
The Rapporteur’s amendments 10 and 19 offer a complete freedom for Member States to design their small-scale definitions as they please. They will result in an unlevel playing field between Member States and confuse the understanding of what SSF actually is: small in scale, low in impact and high in social value. Amendment 39 proposes to extend EMFF support to vessels up to 24 metres in length. These amendments provide a huge loophole for larger-scale fishing interests that currently dominate the policy, administrative and financial playing field to gain access to EU financing on strongly preferential terms – very much the contrary of Commission’s original intentions.
Next week, on January 23, ahead of this crucial vote on the EMFF in the PECH Committee, a Hearing on the Future of Small-scale Fisheries in the EU will be organized. The agenda provides the opportunity to focus attention on 2 key aspects: the need for a differentiated approach to managing small-scale fisheries through a dedicated EU action plan; and the need for national allocation systems to properly take the needs of small-scale fisheries into account.
This provides a golden opportunity to focus attention on the CFP provisions that allocate priority access to small scale fishing operations in the 12-mile zone, for criteria of an environmental, social and economic nature to be used to allocate quota and to incentivize low impact fishing with additional quota, as prescribed under Article 17. To date, these provisions have not been given the attention they deserve. They are more honoured in the breach than in the observance.
LIFE is disappointed not to have been invited to speak on the panels. It is an opportunity missed. We hope that panellists invited from the Azores, Germany, Ireland, Spain and Italy whose organizations purport to represent both large and small-scale interests, will not just toe the line of the status quo, but that through their presence the interests of the smaller-scale fishers will be properly represented and articulated.
LIFE calls on all the MEPs and fisheries policy stakeholders to make sure that the glimmer of hope offered to small-scale fishers by the EMFF proposal is not squandered by expanding a long-standing and clear small-scale fisheries definition. It is not broken. It works well. It does not need fixing.
For way too long, small-scale fishers have been alienated and disenfranchised by the CFP. It is high time for change, time for small-scale fisheries to be included more centrally in fisheries policies, so that coastal communities are not just able to survive, but also to thrive.
 https://lifeplatform.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/LIFE_BANS_Final_Technical_Report.pdf; see Recommendation 2, page 4.